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盖志佳,赵文军,杜佳兴,刘婧琦,蔡丽君,张 伟,郭 泰,王志新,郑 伟,李灿东,张振宇,赵桂范,张敬涛,张洪旭,等.行距和密度对半矮秆大豆合农76产量及品质的影响[J].农学学报,2017,7(11):1-5.,et al.Row Spacing and Density: Effects on Yield and Quality of Semi-dwarf Soybean Variety‘Henong76’[J].Journal of Agriculture,2017,7(11):1-5
行距和密度对半矮秆大豆合农76产量及品质的影响
Row Spacing and Density: Effects on Yield and Quality of Semi-dwarf Soybean Variety‘Henong76’
投稿时间:2017-03-28  修订日期:2017-05-05
DOI:10.11923/j.issn.2095-4050.cjas17030043
中文关键词: 行距  密度  大豆  产量  品质
英文关键词: Row spacing  Density  Soybean  Yield  Quality
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基金项目:国家星火计划项目“高产抗病优质食用大豆新品种‘合农76’中试与示范”(2015GA6700041);农业部国家大豆产业体系项目(CARS-04- CES05)。
作者单位E-mail
盖志佳 黑龙江省农业科学院佳木斯分院 gaizhijia@163.com 
赵文军 黑龙江省农业科学院佳木斯分院 550941251@qq.com 
杜佳兴 黑龙江省农业科学院佳木斯分院 1223495535@qq.com 
刘婧琦 黑龙江省农业科学院佳木斯分院 443937058@qq.com 
蔡丽君 黑龙江省农业科学院佳木斯分院 458470997@qq.com 
张 伟 黑龙江省农业科学院佳木斯分院 498589109@qq.com 
郭 泰 黑龙江省农业科学院佳木斯分院 631613555@qq.com 
王志新 黑龙江省农业科学院佳木斯分院 435616478@qq.com 
郑 伟 黑龙江省农业科学院佳木斯分院 414521420@qq.com 
李灿东 黑龙江省农业科学院佳木斯分院 414521420@qq.com 
张振宇 黑龙江省农业科学院佳木斯分院 435616478@qq.com 
赵桂范 黑龙江省农业科学院佳木斯分院 345348632@qq.com 
张敬涛 黑龙江省农业科学院佳木斯分院 zhangjt@163.com 
张洪旭 桦川县农业技术推广中心 120548051@qq.com 
中文摘要:
      本试验旨在研究行距和密度对大豆新品种‘合农76’产量及品质的影响,明确不同行距下‘合农76’最佳密度。试验采用裂区设计,主区为行距,30 cm和45 cm;副区为密度,30、35、40、45、50 万株/hm2,用D1、D2、D3、D4、D5表示。结果表明,随着密度的增加产量呈先增加再降低的趋势,产量最高的密度处理为D2,即35 万株/hm2,且不倒伏;45 cm行距下最佳密度为38.00 万株/hm2时,产量为3289.79 kg/hm2;30 cm行距下最佳密度为37.18 万株/hm2时,产量为3211.96 kg/hm2;随着密度的增加,蛋白质和脂肪含量呈逐渐降低的趋势,蛋白质和脂肪最高的处理为D1。综上所述,‘合农76’在45 cm行距下最佳密度为38.00万株/hm2,30 cm行距下最佳密度为37.18万株/hm2。
英文摘要:
      The objective of this experiment is to study the effects of row spacing and density on the yield and quality of new bean variety‘Henong76’, and clarify the optimum planting density at different row spacing. Split spot design was conducted in the research with row spacing as the main plot, including 30 cm and 45 cm row spacing, planting density was as the sub-plot including 300000, 350000, 400000, 450000, and 500000 plants/hm2, identified as D1, D2, D3, D4, and D5, respectively. The results showed that soybean yield first increased, and then decreased with the increasing planting density. D2 treatment (350000 plants/hm2) had the highest yield compared with other treatments. Moreover, there was no lodging problem for‘Henong76’under D2 treatment. The optimum planting density was 380000 plants/hm2 at 45 cm row spacing, and the yield was 3289.79 kg/hm2. The optimum planting density was 371800 plants/hm2 at 30 cm row spacing, and the yield was 3211.96 kg/hm2. The contents of protein and fat decreased along with the increasing planting density. D1 treatment obtained the highest content of protein and fat. Taken together, for‘Henong76’, the optimal planting density was 380000 plants/hm2 at 45 cm row spacing, or 371800 plants/hm2 at 30 cm row spacing.
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